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Codeine and hydrocodone are common prescription drugs for pain. If natural or over-the-counter remedies don’t ease your pain, speak to your doctor about prescription medications.
These are both prescription medications, so your doctor will decide which one would be best for you based on your symptoms and the cause of your pain.
While they can be quite effective in treating pain, these narcotic medications can easily be misused. Uses. Learn more about appropriate use and the differences between these pain medications.
Each is available with a prescription. Dosage. Codeine is typically used for mild to moderate pain, while hydrocodone is more potent and used for more severe pain. Codeine and hydrocodone are prescribed for different types of pain.
Warnings. Side effects of both drugs are more likely or can be more intense in certain cases. These include if you are an older adult, if you have kidney or liver disease, or if you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other chronic diseases. Most of these side effects will lessen with time.
Keep your prescription medications locked and away from children. Extended-release hydrocodone can be fatal for children. Taking even one tablet can be fatal. Interactions.
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You can find a more detailed list of interactions for both drugs at the interactions for codeine and hydrocodone. The right fit.
Common side effects of both drugs include:. You may have some side effects when taking codeine or hydrocodone.
Opioids affect your central nervous system, so it’s dangerous to mix them with other medications that slow down the brain. l your doctor about all other medications you take, including vitamins and supplements, before you begin taking either medication. These drugs may include:.
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On the other hand, hydrocodone can also cause:
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Codeine is available in immediate-release oral tablets. They come in 15-mg, 30-mg, and 60-mg strengths. Your doctor will usually direct you to take them every four hours as needed.
Depending on your needs, your doctor may prescribe either of these medications alone or in combination with something else. Hydrocodone is stronger, so it’s used for moderate to moderay severe pain. Codeine is typically used for mild to moderay severe pain.
Learn more: Drug information for hydrocodone-acetaminophen »
Typically, you take a tablet every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain. Hydrocodone is also available in immediate-release oral tablets, but only when it is combined with acetaminophen. These tablets are available in 2.5-mg, 5-mg, 7.5-mg and 10-mg strengths of hydrocodone.
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Instead of simply calling your hydrocodone prescription in to the pharmacist, your doctor must now give you a written prescription that you need to take to the pharmacy. Due to the potential for overdose and abuse, all hydrocodone products were moved to a new category by the Food and Drug Administration in 2014.
Mild pain doesn’t always require treatment, but most people seek relief for moderate to severe or unremitting pain. Everyone responds to pain differently.
You may experience temporary symptoms of withdrawal when you stop taking either medication, especially if you’ve used them for a long time. Long-term use of codeine and hydrocodone can lead to dependence. l your doctor right away if you have withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking either of these drugs.
The higher strengths are only given to people who have been taking hydrocodone for a long time and who no longer get relief from the lower strengths. These come in many strengths that range from 10 mg to 120 mg. Some of the extended-release tablets you take every 12 hours, and some you take every 24 hours, depending on the product. By itself, though, hydrocodone is only available in extended-release oral tablets.
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They are among the most effective painkillers. Codeine and hydrocodone are opioid medications. Opioids work by altering your perception of pain.
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Codeine may also cause:
High doses and excessive use of either drug can cause additional side effects. It can increase your risk of urinary retention, infections, and liver damage.
Codeine and hydrocodone are both very effective at relieving pain. Misuse of these drugs, including giving them to someone who isn’t prescribed them, can have dangerous consequences.
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Then your doctor can adjust strength and dosage according to your pain. Side effects. For either drug, your doctor will probably start you off at the lowest possible dose.
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